27 Mar

Industrial and Commercial Bank of China (601398): Steady performance growth

Industrial and Commercial Bank of China (601398): Steady performance growth

Event: On August 30, 2019, the Industrial and Commercial Bank of Japan announced its 2019 interim results. Investment highlights: Pre-provision profit growth increased by 9.

9%. Expected risk assets grow by 7 per year.

6%: The operating income in the first half of 2019 will increase by 9 per year.

5%, a ten-year increase in profits before provision.

9%, the net profit attributable to mothers increased by 4 per 杭州桑拿 year.

7%.

The balance of deposits increased by 8% from the beginning of the year, and the total amount of loans increased by 5 from the beginning of the year.

5%, and expected risk assets to grow by 7 per year.

6%.

In the first half of the year, NIM decreased by 1BP compared with 2018: In the first half of the year, asset-side loan yields increased by 12BP, while liability-side deposit costs also increased by 12BP.

The increase in loan yield is mainly due to the increase in the yield of public loans, while the increase in the interest rate on deposits is mainly due to the upward shift in the cost of retail deposits, and the cost of personal time deposits rose by 19BP earlier.

The main contribution of new loans came from the corporate business: from the perspective of the structure of new credit, the new corporate 苏州桑拿网 and retail loans accounted for 54% and 46% of new loans.

The increase in corporate loans is mainly concentrated in the infrastructure and leasing services industry, and other industries have also invested; the increase in retail loans is mainly concentrated in personal housing mortgage loans and personal business loans.

Net fee income is increasing by 11 per year.

7%: In terms of itemized data, the settlement and clearing business, investment banking and guarantee commitment business revenues increased significantly.

The settlement business mainly benefited from the rapid growth of third-party payment business, while revenue from wealth management related business was still floating in the first half of the year.

Total asset quality remained stable: The company’s total asset quality continued to improve, with indicators such as non-performing ratio, non-performing net generation ratio, proportion of attention-based loans, and overdue ratio all falling.

Looking at the breakdown data, the non-performing ratio of real estate-related loans increased slightly.

Profit forecast and investment advice: ICBC’s overall performance has maintained steady growth and asset quality has continued to improve.

The cost of deposits on the debt side has risen rapidly, and the company’s current PB estimate for 2019-2020 is zero.

75 times, 0.

69 times, maintaining the “overweight” level.

Risk factors: The economic recession is better than expected; the market decline presents systemic risks.

20 Mar

Fire Communication (600498): Actively preparing for 5G pending release of optical communication demand will welcome new opportunities

Fire Communication (600498): Actively preparing for 5G pending release of optical communication demand will welcome new opportunities

Event: The company announced that its operating income for the first three quarters of 2019 was 177.

75 ppm, a ten-year increase2.

32%; net profit attributable to shareholders of listed companies6.

19 ppm, a decrease of 1 per year.

86%.

  The performance is basically in line with expectations. It is expected that 5G construction will release optical communication equipment demand. The company’s revenue growth in the first three quarters of 2019.

32%, quarterly growth in revenue in Q1 2019 is 14%.

9%, 2 in the second quarter.

28%, down 6 in the third quarter.

28%, the company ‘s revenue growth forecast is expected to be mainly 杭州桑拿网 affected by the optical fiber and cable business. In 2019, the operator ‘s optical fiber cable collection and procurement prices will change, which is expected to weigh on revenue and profit growth.

In addition, as the 5G construction this year is dominated by NSA networking, the demand for 5G bearer network equipment can be fully released.

In the future, the scale construction of SA network through 5G will drive the demand for optical transmission equipment and fiber optic cable business. The company’s optical communication business is expected to fully benefit and is worth looking forward to.

  The company’s net profit for the first three quarters of 20196.

19 ppm, a decrease of 1 per year.

86%, but Q3 net profit in the single quarter was 1.

92 ppm, an increase of 16 in ten years.

88%, distorting the trend of Q2 transition.

  Gross profit margin decreased, expense ratio decreased, operating efficiency improved The company’s gross profit margin for the first three quarters of 2019 was 21.

93%, down by 1 every year.

The 32 averages are expected to be caused by the decline in the collection and purchase prices of fiber optic cables, but the gross profit margin of Q3 is 24.

78%, an increase of 1 per year.

6 averages, a significant increase of 7 from the previous quarter.

06 profit, reflecting the improvement of the company’s Q3 profitability.

  Three expenses in the first three quarters of 20198.

34%, down by 1 every year.

3 units, of which: sales expense ratio 6.

38%, about 1 unit per year, and the management expense rate drops by 0 per year.

For 2 units, the company’s cost reduction and efficiency improvement effects have appeared; R & D costs have been reset by 10.

93%, a year to raise 0.

There are 83 single 5G and ICT core technologies that reflect the company’s increased research and development efforts, and the company’s product competitiveness will continue to increase in the future.

  ICT veteran powerhouse, “cloud-network integration” strategic transition is actively preparing for 5G beacon deployment in optical communications, strategic transformation of “cloud-network integration”, focusing on resources, transforming the value chain of 5G, cloud computing, big data, rod fiber and cableFocusing on breakthroughs in 5G bearers, telecommunication cloud platforms, optical rods and special optical fibers, marine networks, and high-end switches such as industry-level big data processing and analysis platforms, the company continues to cultivate and innovate in the network field.The Internet of Things and other fields have developed steadily.

  Fiberhome has started research on 5G bearer network technology earlier, and has obtained a series of results, including the release of FitHaul’s 5G bearer network solution and the self-developed 1.

5G solutions such as 2T single-slot equipment cover key areas such as SPN, WDM-PON, OTN, SDN, and network operation and maintenance.

  Investment suggestion: The continued high growth of traffic and the construction of 5G will drive the prosperity of the optical network. The company will continue to increase its market share through technological innovation and rapid overseas expansion.

At the same time, the Group’s restructuring and restructuring of China ICT Company is also expected to make up for the shortcomings of the beacon on the wireless side, and its comprehensive strength will be further improved.

Considering that the fiber optic cable car business is affected by the decline in prices, we have revised the company’s 2019-2021 profit forecast from the original 10.

1 billion, 13.

300 million and 17.1 ‰ is adjusted downward to 9.

4 billion, 12.

600 million and 16.

6 ppm, corresponding to a 19-year PE of 33x, and maintains a “Buy” rating.

  Risk warning: 5G advances less than expected, and increased competition leads to lower product prices and other risks.

08 Mar

Chihong Zinc and Germanium (600497) Annual Report Comments: Asset Disposal Slows Performance, German Product Investment Promotes Greater

Chihong Zinc and Germanium (600497) Annual Report Comments: Asset Disposal Slows Performance, German Product Investment Promotes Greater
The company released its 2018 南京夜网 annual report: In 2018, the company achieved operating income of 189.500 million, an increase of 2 in ten years.6%; income from self-produced products 111.200 million, an increase of 4 previously.1%; net profit attributable to mother 6.23 ppm, a decline of 46 per year.1%.In Q4 2018, the company’s revenue was 33.5 ‰, 24 years ago.3%, ring than oxide 36.4%; net profit attributable to mother is to replace 2.1 ‰, 172 ten years ago.1%, cyclic oxide 303.8%. The main reason for the company’s performance is the disposal of non-current assets, and asset impairment has dragged down the company’s performance.  In the fourth quarter of 2018, the company disposed of non-current assets and the amount reached 3.3.2 billion, reducing net profit attributable to mothers3.1.9 billion; plus asset impairment in 2018 increased by 1 compared to 2017.1.1 billion yuan.This will increase the drag on performance by more than US $ 400 million, a breakthrough in the fourth quarter of the company, and gradually leading to substantial growth. In 2018, the company’s self-produced mineral output slightly shifted, and the comprehensive gross margin of self-produced ore and smelting products slightly shifted.In 2018, the company’s total output of lead and zinc ore was 35.3 Baseline, a growth rate of 4 from the previous year.8%.In terms of metal smelting products, zinc ingots and alloys were generally flat, and lead ingot output was up and down by one inch.In terms of price, the company’s lead-zinc smelting products in 2018 had higher purity than the previous year, mainly because the hedging in the previous year was actually low.However, due to the rapid rise in operating costs, overall, the company’s self-produced ore and self-produced smelted products had a gross profit margin of 32% in 2018, replacing 2 alternatives compared to the previous year. Earnings forecast and rating: It is expected that the company will achieve net profit attributable to mothers from 2019 to 2021.8.9 billion, 10.6.7 billion, 11.10,000 yuan, the corresponding EPS is 0.19 yuan, 0.21 yuan, 0.22 yuan, the PE calculated at the closing price on March 18 is 28X, 26X, 25X.We are optimistic about the company’s layout in the germanium industry in the future, and the synergistic support brought by Chinalco, and we maintain a “prudent increase” rating on the company.  Risk warning: metal prices rise sharply, macro demand exceeds expectations, other factors

10 Feb

What psychology

What psychology

“School desk culture”, initially determined, should be called desk text, which belongs to an extraordinary school folk culture spread in written form.

“School desk culture” is a kind of objective existence that is difficult to eliminate. It basically belongs to the non-mainstream and non-standard alternative culture in campus culture, which often has a certain negative effect.

“School desk culture” is like a mirror, which can reflect some of the problems that students, especially college students have, through in-depth study of it, you can understand their trajectory, find effective methods, and eliminate their psychology through various channelsErrors guide their healthy development.

  The content of “school desk culture” is very rich, and has the following four aspects: a class related to the exam.

The reason is mainly that laziness is playing tricks. Some students hold the attitude of contempt for the exam and respect the “effect of the week before the exam”, so the desk becomes a natural cheating tool.

  A category related to love.

For example, on a desk in a corner of a classroom, there is such a verse: Since the university, there have been no cousins since ancient times.

Occasionally, there are two pairs, and they are also pheasant color wolf.

And accompanied by the next batch of “perverted” and “mental illness.”

Because long-term adolescent education and sexual knowledge education are not very meaningful each year, it is inevitable that adolescent turmoil and restlessness, and even sexual mental health are inevitable.

  Exploration and pursuit of the meaning of life.

For example, I saw this text on a desk: How many times can I beat in my life, when do I not fight today?

Within this aggressive mentality, it can be seen that it also contains a kind of almost radical psychology of “who is who”.

  Cynical, negative, confused and even decadent.

Many desks have words such as “Life is like a dream”, “There is wine today, and today is drunk.”

  Through the “school desk culture”, it is not difficult to find that the mentality of contemporary college students is very complicated, which is specifically manifested in the following aspects: the difference between the increasing physical maturity and the psychological immature.

The physiological development of college students gradually matures. They can’t hold back the turmoil of youth, they are anxious to understand the true meaning of life and explore the mysteries of the sexes. They think that the anti-traditional generation has the freedom and right to choose love.

However, some college students have “bad luck”, and some people say grapes are sour because they can’t eat grapes; some people use Ah Q’s spiritual victory method to comfort themselves, or seek a perverted way to vent.

These phenomena indicate that there is a contradiction between physiological maturity and psychological maturity of college students.

  The conflict between the ideal self and the real self.

College students have strong self-awareness. Most of them are very ambitious. They have a series of social responsibilities and a sense of crisis. They continue to design themselves and try to achieve self-realization in social life.

However, in self-design, it is inevitable that there are many illusory elements. Real life is full of contradictions. They often run into walls. Therefore, a conflict between ideals and reality will inevitably occur.

  The contradiction between the pluralism of value orientation and the unity of social will.

College students’ thinking is relatively open. Changes in society and the conflict between Chinese and Western cultures have led them to form many different values.

Awakening of self-awareness and publicity of self-worth are important characteristics of contemporary college students.

Seeking in reality and pursuing in the ideal, not only books, teachers, and not just the important signs of contemporary college students.

The outside world is excellent. University students are unwilling to confine themselves in a small circle. They open their curious eyes and become familiar with the world through their own observation and thinking; they do not want the support of their elders and try to be good.The hands and arms of the person walk with their naive feet, but society, a unified whole, objectively requires members of society to obey the society and act in accordance with a certain unified will, thus creating a personal and socialContradictions and conflicts.
  The vulnerability of emotional will.

College students long for opportunities for fair competition. However, once they are frustrated in the competition, some people are often pessimistic and disappointed and disheartened. Regarding the many unfavorable phenomena existing in the society, college students are not used to it, but sometimes they are unintentionalIn the simulation, even excuse yourself.

They pursue high-level needs for self-actualization, but when personal and social conflicts occur, they often try to satisfy low-level needs and pursue sensory stimulation.

They have a strong sense of self-esteem. Some people just listen to praise but not criticism. They think they are the elite of the era, but they ignore many of their weaknesses.

This shows that the personality of college students is not sound enough, and emotional will is still very fragile.

  The cause of “desk culture” is complicated. There are both social and student factors. To overcome or resist this alternative “desk culture”, it is necessary to start from various aspects to eliminate the impact of it.In addition to strengthening positive publicity and guidance and governance, creating and developing a healthy and diversified campus that is truly beloved and welcomed by students, and willing to take part in it, is certainly the most critical of a campus culture where students are everyone.

02 Feb

Homemade masks make you a low-carbon beauty

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Homemade masks make you a low-carbon beauty

Nowadays, people have been living a low-carbon life. In this era, they advocate a fashionable and healthy lifestyle, and many women also pay more attention to skin care and want to be fashionable low-carbon beauty.

Xiaobian recommends several methods of homemade masks for you, let you diy masks to create beautiful beauty.

  What is a milk-made mask?

The following editors will teach you: first of all, you must have a glass of fresh milk. In summer, you can wrap it with fresh milk and then refrigerate it in the refrigerator.

Then use steam to steam the face, and then use a cotton pad to fully absorb the fresh milk, then apply it on the face, apply it for about 15 minutes, then remove it and wash the face with water.

If you have a slender diy mask, your skin will become fair and soft.

  How to make a papaya mask?

First, peel the papaya, then mash it until it becomes muddy, then apply it on the face, apply it for about 15 minutes, and then wash it with water.

If you cut the papaya into pieces, then gently massage and knead, this papaya mask can effectively exfoliate.

In addition, papaya can effectively fade spots and make the skin whiter.

  Egg homemade mask method: Prepare a fresh egg, a small tablespoon of honey, mix the eggs and honey together, and stir evenly. When you are ready to sleep, use a small cleanBrush (soft), apply an appropriate amount of the material just stirred on the face, and then gently massage the face, so that the cells of the skin are stimulated, and the blood circulation is smooth.

Then wait for it to air dry, and then wash it with water.

It is recommended that you use this mask twice a week.

19 Jan

Tips for beautiful women in yoga

Tips for beautiful women in yoga

Take an upright kneeling position, with your knees close together, your hands behind your back, straight, and your head high.

Closing your eyes will cause you to focus on the point between your eyebrows.

Try to lift your arms up, and the palms of your hands are automatically separated, maintaining a straight sitting position, inhaling and exhaling long and deep.

  ”Beauty Breasts” Exercise-Full of Anti-Wrinkle Tips.

  Role: Contract the pectoral muscles and overcome the defects of pectoral muscle atrophy caused by incorrect posture.

  It stimulates the brain to secrete endorphine, which makes people feel full of fun and strength in life.

  By expanding the chest cavity, the cardiopulmonary space can also accumulate, thereby increasing the oxygen absorption capacity.

  Make skin blood flow more, enhance the ability to absorb nutrients, roughen old wrinkles, and prevent new wrinkles from occurring.

  Action essentials: adopt an upright kneeling position, knees close together, hands closed behind, stretched straight, head up.

Closing your eyes will cause you to focus on the point between your eyebrows.

Try to lift your arms up, and the palms of your hands are automatically separated, maintaining a straight sitting position, inhaling and exhaling long and deep.

Keep this posture 1?
2 minutes.

  Note: Review the “Warm Back” exercise before practicing.

  The “Beauty Breast” exercise is part 2 of Kriya’s body beauty unit.

It is part of an asana 5 unit series of exercises with the main purpose of maintaining beauty.

Each exercise has a different focus and a different role, so you can practice separately.

But if you can practice the 5 units of Kalia’s body beauty one by one, it will work better.

Please note the recent serialization of the “Yoga” section.

  Before each exercise and after the exercise, start with asana and end with mantra (singing yoga chants).

Or take a cross-legged sitting position for 1 minute before and after the exercise, take a deep breath, and then rest.

  Special Tips: During practice, maintain a uniform breathing rhythm.

  The most important thing is: when the arm is raised, do not continue to lift the top, but relax your shoulders to sink.

  The practitioner with the problem in the front can put a pillow between the heel and the front.

  Putting a pillow under your feet will help protect your back.

14 Jan

Winter is coming and eating bones and bones is learned

Winter is coming and eating bones and bones is learned

The cold winter is approaching, the temperature is low, the days are short and the nights are long, human activity is relatively reduced, and appetite is increased.

After we use the diet to increase the speed to resist the cold.

Don’t ignore the conditioning and maintenance of the body just to satisfy appetite.

The editor has specially collected all kinds of diet and health information suitable for the severe winter, and make you and your family healthy and happy every day!

  Seeing into winter, at this time, the sunlight is short, the human body lacks vitamin D that can promote calcium to “camp in the body”, coupled with reduced exercise, osteoporosis and even fractures will come quietly, which can be avoided.

Moreover, suffering from osteoporosis has leapt to the common disease, and the seventh most frequent disease.

More than 50% of postmenopausal women and more than 20% of older men have osteoporosis.

Therefore, it is impossible for anyone to turn a blind eye to it.

So, what should “Bone Bones” supplement, can “Eating Bone Bones” work?

There is much to learn.

  ”Bone” first needs to nourish the kidneys, and to know what to fill, the first thing to understand is what the bones lack.

From the perspective of Western medicine, osteoporosis is caused by calcium loss, so “bone filling” is to supplement calcium and vitamin D, vitamin C, estrogen, etc. that promote calcium absorption.

But in Chinese medicine, the situation is much more complicated. The health of bones is often related to the health of various organs.

The famous Chinese book “Huang Di Nei Jing” more than 2000 years ago said: “The kidney qi is hot, but the lumbar spine is not lifted, the bones are dry and the marrow is reduced, and the hair is bony.”

The “osteoporosis” mentioned here is basically similar to the clinical manifestations of osteoporosis such as low back pain, shortened body, humpback, and fractures in modern medicine.

Therefore, Chinese medicine believes that the root cause of osteoporosis is deficiency of kidney essence.

The kidney “main bone produces bone”, while kidney deficiency cannot nourish bones, which can lead to weak bones.

In other words, bone health and “kidney” are closely related.

  Spleen deficiency affects the absorption and accumulation of calcium. Spleen deficiency affects the absorption of calcium, phosphorus trace elements, proteins and amino acids by dialysis.

Qi stagnation and blood stasis are its contributing factors. Blood stasis obstructs the veins, and qi and blood fluid cannot support bones.

This tells us that if blood does not run smoothly, it will also prevent nutrients from being transported to the bones in time.

There is an old saying in China that “flowing water does not rot, and household hubs are not stingy”, which also means this in bone health. Therefore, nourishing blood and strengthening the spleen are also alternatives to “bone filling.”

  Therefore, the regulation of osteoporosis should focus on “to make up for its deficiency”. Among them, the tonifying medicine is mainly tonify the kidney, the blood tonic is mainly to nourish the blood and nourish the spleen, and the tonic is mainly to strengthen the spleen and nourish qi.

From this, the current rules of osteoporosis in traditional Chinese medicine are introduced: one is composed of the formula of tonifying the kidney and strengthening the spleen and benefiting qi.

Commonly used Chinese medicines are cooked land, angelica, astragalus, medlar, antler gum, turtle plate, Codonopsis sibiricum, Paeonia lactiflora, Cuscuta chinensis, yam, Eucommia ulmoides, Ligustrum lucidum and so on.

The second is to use Huoxue Quyu medicine as the main compatibilizer.

Huoxue Quyu medicine is the most commonly used Chinese medicine besides tonic medicine.

Commonly used drugs are Achyranthes bidentata, Salvia miltiorrhiza, Chuanxiong, Yanhusuo, Peach kernel, pangolin, chicken blood vine and so on.

  In addition, pay attention to some bad habits that affect the effectiveness of bone filling.

Such as avoiding excessive consumption of tea, coffee and other irritating things; drink as little as possible in winter to avoid reducing the body’s resistance; do not add foods containing oxalic acid (such as spinach, amaranth, lettuce) and fish soup, bone soup, etc.Calcium foods are taken together to prevent the combination of oxalic acid and calcium into calcium oxalate, which affects the absorption of calcium; eating less greasy fried materials can also ensure tonic effect.

02 Jan

Yoga-Beauty Colors

Yoga-Beauty Colors

Review the role of posture: promote visceral function, slim waist, eliminate relaxation and tension, relieve eye fatigue, exert a clear effect.

Action: Sit with your left foot with your weight, slide your right foot backwards, insert your left hip on your right heel, place your left hand behind your left thigh, turn your right hand behind your back, and hold your left arm.

Inhale while holding your back, exhale with your left hand connected to your left thigh, slowly twist your upper body upwards, and look back over your shoulders.

Maintain the state for about 5 breaths, and then press the palms on the chest to adjust the breath.

  The role of Sun Chong posture: make the spine flexible.

Retract the knee joint and lumbar spine, promote blood circulation around the body, and thoroughly adjust the state of the body.

Action: Inhale, raise your hands to the sky, aim your ears, try to align your chest and abdomen, exhale, open your palms, try to lean your upper body back, and push your limbs forward.

Hands stretched out like admiring the sun.

Rest for about 3 breaths.

Exhale, tighten the gluteal muscles, slowly lift your upper body, put your hands on your chest and adjust your breath.

Repeat pose 3?
4 times.

  Inverted posture effect: coordinate qi and blood, stabilize nerves, improve facial skin.

Relieves insomnia, headaches, helps lose weight, strengthens memory, eliminates headaches, prevents premature baldness, and gray hair.

Action: Sitting upright.

Stand your toes, tilt your upper body forward, hold your hands together and hold your head down, try to raise your waist, and gradually approach your feet to the side. Keep your posture still at the corresponding position according to your situation.

Focus on exhaling and sucking.

Practice daily.

Extend or decrease the amount of rest time based on personal circumstances.

26 Dec

Test your attitude towards love

Test your attitude towards love

You can grind your attitude towards love from the origami paper method.

  In what way do you like to origami, which may reveal your attitude towards love . 1, multiple random fancy folding methods 2, fold in half, fold in half again, and fold horizontally, call each other on the letter paperWhen exposed, the recipient can see 4 at a glance and fold it into small squares, occupying only a little place here. The test results choose one: you are an innocent young man full of desire for the advent of love, or a regular visitor, a “”Temperament” man!

  However, do n’t eat fireworks because of love. Forgetting life for someone ‘s love has other meanings. In the end, you may end up with nothing and be careful.

  Option two: You have a lively personality, candid and generous, you have a clear minded approach to work, and a higher success rate. You will never recognize same-sex and heterosexual friends around you.

  However, because you take love seriously and lack of interest, although you are well-connected, you will encounter too many bumps in love.

  Choice three: You are the kind of popular lover. In love, it can always help the other person to appreciate your goodness.

  Although you ca n’t help but feel that you ‘re not sincere enough, but after all, you are obsessed with love and go all out. Forever, anyone will be moved by your infatuation.

  Option 4: You have a careful mind and you are a possessor!

  Every movement of your nervous lover, even if he inadvertently notices the other opposite sex, he will make you suspicious.

You know that too strong a desire to control will make the relationship between the two parties more tense and less harmonious. Why do you want to do this?

Let’s learn naturally and be honest with everything.

22 Dec

Dry autumn pay attention to protect eyes

锘?

Dry autumn pay attention to protect eyes

Although the autumn is comfortable and dry, some white-collar workers who work on the computer every day start to feel dry, the eyes are hot, the things are clear, and some are itchy.

Experts believe that computers are often used in air-dry, non-circulating environments. The number of exposed eyes and the number of blinks between the two blinks are reduced, and the evaporation of tears accelerates and becomes one of the causes of dry eye syndrome.

This season, the number of patients with dry eye has increased, so at this time, people must pay attention to the protection of the eyes when working.

銆€銆€鈻?Due to the reduced number of blinks, eye dryness is easy. Associate Professor Wang Yanling, director of the Eye Hospital of Friendship Hospital, said that the normal eye surface is covered with a tear film, and the stable tear film is the basis for maintaining the health of the eye surface.

The tears completely disinfect and sterilize, as well as lubricate the eyeballs to maintain the important function of the corneal refractive system.

Blinking is a protective nerve reflex that allows tears to be applied evenly over the cornea and conjunctiva to keep the eyeballs dry rather than dry.

A normal person blinks about 20 times a minute. If you repeatedly open the eye and change the screen quickly, the number of blinks is often reduced to four to five times per minute, and the symptoms of dry eyes and sores may appear.

Similarly, if the secretion of tears is too small, the cornea will never get wet, the whole eyeball will be dry and dull, the corneal epithelium will be keratinized, and obvious traces will form. When looking at things, there will be unclear vision, and the eyes will have a burning sensation and foreign bodies.Feeling, visual fatigue, eye pain, etc. form dry eye syndrome.

銆€銆€鈻?Five kinds of people are prone to dry eye syndrome. Director Wang introduced that as a common disease, it is frequently ill, and everyone knows little about dry eye syndrome.

Working in front of the computer, you must “enjoy” the white-collar workers in central air-conditioning, patients who need eye medicine for eye diseases, people who wear contact lenses for a long time, people who have had eye myopia, cataract surgery and menopausal hormone levels in a dry climate.In the middle of the city, dry eye syndrome is caused by the evaporation of the tear film.

銆€銆€For a long time, the air conditioner is open and the air is not in the environment. It is often concentrated and concentrated. For example, using computers, driving, etc. can cause eye enlargement and transient frequency reduction during transient interval exposure, which accelerates the evaporation of tears.

Computer workers work in a confined environment with air-conditioning equipment. Due to the low humidity and the heat generated by the computer, the tear layer evaporates in a few seconds in a dry environment.

Symptoms are: dry eyes, headache, irritability, fatigue, and difficulty concentrating.

According to a survey by the National Institute of Occupational Health and Safety, 90% of people who work more than three hours a day in front of a computer have problems with their eyes.

銆€銆€Patients with dry eye often have dry eyes, foreign body sensation, photophobia, blurred vision or distorted discomfort. Serious dry eyes can cause significant decline in vision and affect work and life, and even lead to blindness.

In the United States between the ages of 65 and 84, 14.

6% suffer from dry eye syndrome.

Depending on routine hygiene and environmental conditions, the incidence may be higher than in the United States.

銆€銆€鈻燚ry eye syndrome diagnosis of persistent symptoms In the diagnosis of dry eye syndrome, the symptoms of the patient are very indicated.

As long as there are symptoms, even if the objective test results are consistent, it may still be diagnosed as dry eye.

If the objective examination is positive, the patient does not feel it, and it is necessary to be cautious if it is diagnosed as dry eye.

Dry eye syndrome can be divided into tear-deficient dry eye and evaporative dry eye, one is due to the decrease in the amount of tear secretion, and the other is due to the abnormal quality and amount of adenine secretion from the meibomian plate.The tear film evaporates faster, causing dry eyes.

銆€銆€Many patients like to “treat” themselves when they start eye discomfort. They use antibiotics and antiviral eye drops. In fact, this method is not suitable for the treatment of dry eye syndrome. Instead, it may aggravate the symptoms because of different dry eye treatments.The method is different.

If you take some medicines and cause dry eye, you should stop the medicine; if it is caused by immune diseases, endocrine disorders, vitamin deficiency, etc., you must treat the above diseases first.

銆€銆€The tear-deficient dry eye needs artificial tears. When it is uncomfortable, it is better, but it is better not to exceed 6 times a day, because if it is more than 6 times, the normal tear film will be washed away, which will aggravate the symptoms.

銆€銆€If the patient diagnosed with meibomian gland dysfunction by the doctor should pay attention to the eyelids clean, use a towel dipped above the body temperature, but do not put too hot water on the eyes, every 10 minutes or so, it is best to do it in the morning.If you have time to do it once a day, the effect will be better, you can also ask the medical staff for a massage.

銆€銆€Since the establishment of the dry eye specialist clinic in the Friendship Hospital, there have been many patients visiting the hospital, but when communicating with patients, doctors have found that there are many misunderstandings.

In order to prevent this disease, experts reminded to pay attention to eye hygiene, including accidentally blinking, use the eyes to rest for an hour or so, close your eyes and look forward to the distance; do more eyes when doing more attention.

銆€銆€After the onset of dry eye, the use of antibiotic eye drops, hormone eye drops, artificial tears and the treatment of seborrheic dermatitis drugs should be carried out under the guidance of a specialist.